Leningradsky Station is the oldest railway station in Moscow. Every day it dispatches and receives more than 40 inter-city trains (including high-speed trains), as well as more than 100 commuter trains. It connects Moscow to St. Petersburg, Petrozavodsk and Murmansk, as well as Tallinn and Helsinki. Commuter trains connect this station with Khimki, Skhodnya, Zelenograd, Solnechnogorsk, Klin, Konakovo and Tver.
Comfortable trains (Krasnaya Strela, Avrora and others) run between Leningradsky Station in Moscow and Moskovsky Station in St. Petersburg. Since December 2009, the Moscow — St Petersburg route is serviced in the morning, afternoon and evening by modern high speed Sapsan trains built for Russian Railways Corporation by the German corporation Siemens. The trains are capable of speeds up to 350 km/h, which means that a trip from Moscow to St. Petersburg takes about 3 hours and 45 minutes. Two of the wagons of the Sapsan trains are business class, and the rest are economy class. For those who usually fly between Russia’s two biggest cities, the Sapsan is a good alternative that takes passengers from the center of Moscow to the center of St. Petersburg (or vice versa) very comfortably.
The building of Leningrad Station has cozy waiting rooms and lounges. Porters are on hand to help drag or carry your hand luggage and large items within the forecourt or beyond it. If you need to leave your luggage at the station, lockers are available for this purpose. There is paid parking next to the station. On the square in front of the station is Moskovsky Department Store.
In February 1842, Emperor Nicholas I signed a decree on the construction of St. Petersburg — Moscow Railway, which was Russia’s first. The stations in both cities were built according to a single design by the distinguished architect K.A. Thon. Thon had gained fame by leading the team that designed Yekaterininskaya (Catherine’s) Church (no longer extant) in Tsarskoye Selo, and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow.
The place was chosen on wasteland near Kalanchevsky field, away from residential buildings. The station was completed in 1849 and was an exact copy of Moscow Railway Station in St. Petersburg. The interior finishing was superb, the imperial apartments being especially luxurious. A train shed designed by R.A. Zhelyazevich adjoined the building of the station from the side of the tracks. The complex of buildings of the station also included the building of the Moscow Customs (1852), for which Thon chose a business style. The first working train arrived from St. Petersburg to Moscow on August 3, 1851.
In 1855, St. Petersburg — Moscow Railway was renamed Nikolayevskaya Railway, and the railway station in Moscow was also renamed. In February 1923, the Nikolayevskaya Railway was renamed Oktyabrskaya, and the station was also renamed thusly. A year later, due to the renaming of Russia’s former capital in the north, the station was renamed Leningradsky.
In the twentieth century, the station was reconstructed and expanded several times with the addition of services. The only surviving part of the original building is the part facing Komsomolskaya Square. Additionally, a three-story wing was built on the left, which contains a hotel and concourse for transit passengers, a medical station, other services, and upper and lower ticket counter areas. The spacious main concourse was built on the site of the train shed. For the convenience of passengers, the station is connected by underground passageways to metro stations.
Official website of Leningradsky Station: http://leningradsky.dzvr.ru/en/ (in Russian and English)
Information: +7 (800) 775-00-00
Address: Moscow, Komsomolskaya Square, 3
Nearest metro station: Komsomolskaya
Hours of operation: 24/7
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